“adoption” is the formal act that defines the form and content of a proposed text. As a general rule, the text of the treaty is adopted by the expression of the agreement of the states participating in the contracting process. Contracts negotiated within an international organization are generally adopted by decision of a representative body of the organization whose affiliation is more or less equal to the potential participation in the contract in question. A treaty may also be adopted by an international conference specially convened for the drafting of the treaty, with a vote of two-thirds of the states present and voting, unless they have decided by the same majority to apply another rule. A 1945 international treaty that established the United Nations The concept of “amendment” refers to the formal amendment of the treaty provisions that affect all parties to the relevant agreement. These changes must be made with the same formalities as those who participated in the initial training of the contract. Many multilateral treaties provide specific requirements for amendments. In the absence of such provisions, changes must be made by the agreement of all parties. “membership,” the act by which a state accepts the offer or the possibility of becoming a party to a treaty already negotiated and signed by other states.
It has the same legal effect as ratification. Membership normally takes place after the treaty comes into force. The Secretary-General of the United Nations, as custodian, has also agreed to accede to certain conventions before they come into force. The conditions under which accession can take place and the procedure in question depend on the provisions of the treaty. A treaty could provide for the accession of all other states or a limited and defined number of states. In the absence of such a provision, accession can only take place if the negotiating states have done the business of the State concerned or then agree on it. An agreement between two or more countries or persons giving them power or influence over an agreement between two or more persons, groups or countries by which they agree to cooperate to achieve something after a contract has been concluded, written instruments that provide formal evidence of commitment commitments, as well as reservations and declarations , are placed in the custody of a custodian. Unless the treaty is otherwise stated, the tabling of the instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession gives the consent of a treaty-bound state. In the case of contracts with a small number of parties, the custodian is usually the state government in the territory from which the contract was signed. Sometimes different states are chosen as custodians. Multilateral treaties generally designate an international organization or the Secretary-General of the United Nations as custodian. The custodian must accept all communications and documents relating to the contract, verify that all the formal conditions are met, file them, register the contract and communicate to the relevant legal acts to the parties concerned.
An “exchange of notes” is the recording of a routine agreement that has many similarities to the private contract. The agreement consists of the exchange of two documents, each of which holds the document signed by the other`s representative. According to the usual procedure, the accepting State reiterates the text of the Member State of the Offer Member State in order to note its agreement.