Cognitive distortions are a result of low neurotransmitter levels. When the brain doesn’t have enough neurotransmitter, it cannot function efficiently. As a result you can form cognitive distortions. These distortions are like logical short cuts that the brain takes. These thoughts can cause you to perceive reality differently. This, in turn can reinforce negative thoughts and emotions.
Cognitive distortions are like logical short cuts that the brain makes when it doesn’t have enough neurotransmitter to function efficiently.
Here are some of the most common cognitive distortions:
1. All or Nothing Thinking: Seeing things in black or white as opposed to shades of grey.
2. Overgeneralization: Making hasty generalizations from insufficient experiences and evidence.
3. Mind Reading: Inferring a person’s possible or probable (usually negative) thoughts from their behavior and nonverbal communication.
4. Catastrophizing: Giving greater weight to the worst possible outcome, however unlikely, or experiencing a situation as unbearable or impossible when it is just uncomfortable.
5. Should Statements: Doing, or expecting others to do, what they morally should or ought to do irrespective of the particular case the person is faced with.